Urbanization in Delhi has created many opportunities but at the same time posed certain challenges. One of the biggest challenges faced by the capital city due to rapid progress and development is burgeoning population. People from small towns and cities often migrate to Delhi in search of jobs. As a result the present population of Delhi is 1.7 crore. By the end of the year 2021, the population might reach 2.5 crore. The present infrastructure provides housing to only 1.5 crore people. How will Delhi Development Authority create infrastructure which fills up not only the existing deficit but also accommodates 80 lakh more people.
To save the situation from getting further aggrieved, a Master Plan Delhi 2021 is formed. The vision of this plan is to recreate Delhi in a manner that it provides homage to 10 million people. The biggest question which arises here is, will Delhi Development Authority alone turn the vision of MPD 2021 into a reality? If one looks at the record of DDA since its inception, it has created only 4.5 lakh housing units. How will DDA alone create 14-15 lakh housing units in such a short period of time? The answer is NO and therefore DDA has come up with a land pooling policy, more popularly known as LPP.
LPP gives farmers an opportunity to come up with small parcels of land and get them assembled together for redevelopment purpose. Once the land is developed, 48-60% of the land is returned to the land owners. Whole Delhi divided into 15 zones, of which six zones come under LPP. The greatest among these six zones is L-Zone, Dwarka. Around 4-5 lakh housing units can be developed alone in L-Zone.
LPP, if implemented can generate 20,000-25,000 hectares of land. The policy has the potential of redeveloping low residential areas and propelling the vision of both MPD-2021 and Delhi Smart City.
The benefits of LPP are multiple:
The policy will put an end to the land acquisition policy which will further prevent the increase in land prices. Land acquisition policy had no transparency and farmers were substituted with unfair compensation in exchange of land.
It will empower the public-private relationship. Under LPP, the role of DDA will be reduced to that of a facilitator. This will the boom the public-private relationship and improvise the development of the capital city.
Accelerate the mission of making Delhi a smarter city. LPP will redevelop the neighbouring villages like Dwarka, Narela, Bawana etc. These villages will be redeveloped in accord with the standards of MOD-2021.
Boom the employment opportunity in construction sector. As the construction work increases, need for labour work increases. Thus, LPP will create ample of employment opportunities.